10 causas y riesgos de verrugas genitales


Genital warts, also known as papilloma or condylomas, are a sexually transmitted disease characterized by the growth of vegetations or bumps on the skin of the penis, pubis, groin or scrotum.

They are a frequent reason for urology and dermatology consultation, their cause is infection by the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Causes and risk factors

causas y riesgos de verrugas genitales

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for the appearance of genital warts, there are many HPV serotypes that can cause warts.

Some risk factors for developing warts on the genitals are: verrugas en los genitales son:

  1. Multiple sexual partners
  2. Conditions with weakened immune system
  3. Malnutrition
  4. Diabetes
  5. HIV infection
  6. Kidney transplant
  7. Rheumatological diseases
  8. Smoking
  9. Not being circumcised
  10. Shaving the genitals


Genital warts are painless bumps on the skin of the genitals, their size is variable and can range from a few millimeters to several centimeters, the color can be similar to that of the skin or sometimes they can be brown.


To diagnose genital warts, it is enough to perform a physical examination, if the diagnosis is in doubt, the following complementary tests can be performed.

  • Acetic acid application
  • Exfoliative cytology
  • PCR for HPV detection and genotyping
  • Biopsy of the lesion

There are several dermatological conditions on the genitals that are very similar to papilloma: 

  • Pearly penile papules
  • Angiokeratomas
  • Soft fibroids, skin tags
  • Fordyce glands
  • Sebaceous cysts


There are several ways to remove genital warts:

  • Keratolytic topical treatments
  • Cauterization 
  • Laser therepy
  • Cryotherapy
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Intralesional injection of immunological agents
  • Circumcision (adjuvant)

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