What is prostate diseases?The prostate is an organ that is below the bladder and its function is limited to the formation of semen. Many men have a continuous growth of the prostate throughout their lives, this can cause an outlet obstruction of urine from the bladder.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
Prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can cause bothersome urinary symptoms like bladder outlet obstruction. If not treated on time, benign prostatic hyperplasia can damage the bladder and kidneys along the time.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common tumors, it affects men over 60. Most of the time, prostate cancer is a slow growing tumor that is confined only to the prostate, in these cases the patient may be offered minimal treatment or even no treatment (surveillance only). Prostate cancer does not present symptoms in the initial stage, therefore, it is recommended to be checked by the urologist every year starting at age 45. When prostate cancer is found in an early stage, it is more likely to offer curative treatment and be completely eliminated.
To diagnose prostate diseases, the following must be performed: